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What Are Sarcoids?
Equine sarcoids are the most common skin tumour in the horse, accounting for 40% of all equine cancers. They are locally invasive tumours which are variable in appearance, location and rate of growth. Sarcoids are caused by Bovine Papilloma Virus, which may be spread by flies. Not all horses that are exposed to the virus develop sarcoids but, it appears that some horses are more susceptible than others. This also explains why horses that have sarcoids will stay susceptible and are more likely to grow additional sarcoids. People are often concerned about whether sarcoids are contagious because of the viral cause. No proof has yet been found that shows horse to horse contact can cause horses to develop sarcoids
Sarcoids mainly occur around the head and in the groin and axilla area.
They seldom affect a horse’s usefulness, unless they are in a position likely to be abraded by tack. They do not usually resolve on their own and most horses develop multiple sarcoids.
Types of Sarcoids
Nodular sarcoids–are firm spherical nodules found under normal looking skin. They can be variable in size and can become ulcerated.
Verrucous sarcoids–are slow growing, flat scaly tumours that look like warts. They can also look like ringworm or scars.
Fibroblastic sarcoids–are fleshy lumps which often ulcerate, because they grow rapidly. They often occur in clusters and have an irregular shape.
Occult sarcoids–are flat hairless patches that occur mostly around the eyes, mouth and neck.
Malignant sarcoids –highly aggressive and these spread via lymphatic vessels, which results in lines of sarcoids spreading from the original sarcoid.
Sarcoids can, in some occasions, be confused with other tumours. Although a biopsy can give more information into what kind of tumour your horse has, taking a small sample of a sarcoid can cause the lump to start growing rapidly. Because sarcoids are the most likely diagnosis for these lumps, your vet will most likely suggest complete removal and possible sending the tissue off to a lab for histopathology, which can determine if the lump was in fact a sarcoid.
Treatment or removal of sarcoids are not always necessary but, when treatment is required it can prove difficult and possibly expensive. Sarcoids can regrow after treatment and no treatment as of yet is 100 % successful. Success rates vary between types of treatment. It is important to note that every treatment failure , reduces the success rates of future attempts.
-Ligation; where the sarcoid blood supply is cut off, causing it to shrink and drop off over time. Recurrence rates are more then 50%.
-Creams; there are various types, some more irritant to the skin than others and some have to be applied by your vet. They have a success rate of 40-60%.
-Injections; A chemotherapy drug injected into nodular and fibroblastic sarcoids causing the lesions to regress but can cause local swelling and sometimes injections need repeating.
-Radiation therapy; Iridium wires are inserted into a sarcoid to destroy it. It is the most effective treatment method but is very expensive and not widely available
-Laser Removal; is a surgical instrument that cuts into and vaporizes soft tissue with minimal bleeding. The wound that the horse is left with heals very well on its own. This treatment has one of the highest success rates with 80-90 % of horses not re-growing the sarcoid that was treated and, 70% of horses did not develop new sarcoids.
On the rare occasion that sarcoids regress on their own, these horses seem to develop immunity and do not develop further sarcoids. Please talk to your vet for more information on treatment options.
Looking forward to a great weekend at Chilham on 28th and 29th July. Our Milbourn Equine vets will be there providing their services for the horse trials. Both Milbourn & Cinque Ports Vets will be at their tradestand all weekend so come and see us for lots of freebies! http://ow.ly/TdOW30kvW9g
Take advantage of £10 off your purchase of Equitop Myoplast only available in June. Download Voucher
Equitop Myoplast® is a unique and natural supplement for horses, packed with 18 key amino acids including 9 essential amino acids. The blend of amino acids in Equitop Myoplast provides the
building blocks for efficient lean muscle growth without horses becoming ‘fizzy’ or bulking up on fats and oils. www.equitop-myoplast.co.uk
We are very excited to announce that our Hawkhurst Clinical Director, Howard Newitt has been invited by the FEI to form part of the veterinary commission at the upcoming World Equestrian Games in Tryon, North Carolina (https://tryon2018.com/).
This is a great honour as only a handful of vets are invited from across the globe to be part of the FEI veterinary team who will officiate at the horse inspections (trot-ups) and have overall responsibility for the welfare of the horses at the games. This appointment results from Howard’s 12 years as an FEI vet which includes previous appointments at local eventing & reining competitions, British Young Horse Eventing championships, Junior European Reining championships & London Paralympic dressage.
Howard will be away for two weeks in September for the games which he is trying to convince everyone is all work and no pleasure!
At Milbourn Equine we understand how important to you it is to give your horse or pony the best care possible.
We have developed our Healthcare Plan to allow you to spread the cost of that care through monthly direct debits that are convenient and also secure.
Our Equine Healthcare Plan is not insurance, instead it provides regular health & dental checks, vaccinations and worm egg counts.
Our plan is available for horses,ponies or donkeys from any age. You will also receive a £1.00 discount per month for every additional equine you register.
Extra benefits include discount on selected products or services that you may require for your horse. You will also receive a FREE branded head collar and lead rope on signing up to our plan. Find out more or call your local branch.
Would you like £200 to spend towards your vet bills?
Barretts Land Rover and Jaguar are offering Milbourn Equine clients a £200 credit voucher. All you have to do is buy a new or used car from Barretts Land Rover or Jaguar and produce proof that you are a client of Milbourn Equine.
Terms and conditions apply.
Do you suspect your horse is suffering from gastric ulcers?
Gastric ulcerations are very common, recent studies have shown up to 98% of racehorses and up to 53% of leisure horses are affected.
Symptoms are often vague and can include:
• Poor performance
• Changes in behaviour
• Weight loss/ failure to maintain condition
• Girthing pain
• Poor coat condition
Once diagnosed gastric ulcers can be treated quickly and effectively with medication and horses usually return to their former level of performance. Milbourn Equine offer twice monthly gastroscope clinics at Benenden and Sevington, where you can book in to bring your horse along for a gastroscope at a reduced price.
Scoping in your yard is also available by appointment – please ring for details
Benenden Gastroscope Dates
18th November 2015
16th December 2015
20th January 2016
17th February 2016
With Winter fast approaching now is the time to start thinking about preparing your horse for the winter ahead. Why not take advantage of Milbourn Equine Winter Health Checks.
They are especially useful if you have a veteran horse who may struggle with the changing weather and are also advisable for competition horses to resolve any issues quickly and ensure they are in peak condition ready for the competition season ahead.
Call us now to book or find out more